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 SRCLD Presentation Details 

  Title  
       
    An Examination of Speech Disfluencies in Bidialectal Children  
Author(s)
Monique Mills - University of Houston
Kia Johnson - University of Houston
Daniela Castron Alvarez - University of Houston
Marlene Puente - University of Houston

SRCLD Info
SRCLD Year: 2019
Presentation Type: Poster Presentation
Poster Number: PS2F22
Presentation Time: Fri, Jun 7, 2019 from 3:30p-5:00p
Categories
Abstract
Abstract
Rationale
     Morphosyntactic features of African-American English has been well documented. Limited research confirms increased speech disfluencies in adult AAE speakers but not in children. We investigated speech disfluencies in narratives of school-age Black children.
Methods
     Seventy-five 8-year-old typically-developing Black children completed Frog, Where Are You? narratives and the DELV-S which classifies children as having no, some or strong variation from Mainstream American English (MAE). Stuttering-like speech disfluencies (whole- and part-word repetitions, prolongations, and blocks) and nonstuttering-like speech disfluencies (revisions, interjections, and phrase repetitions). We computed two dependent variables: 1. Total speech disfluencies per spoken words; 2. Nonstuttering-like speech disfluencies per spoken word. One-way ANOVA explored differences in speech disfluencies based on dialect variation.
Results
     Results indicate differences in speech fluency between children with no variation from MAE and children with strong variation from MAE.
Conclusions
     Children with a stronger variation from MAE will sound more disfluent based on listener perception which places them at an increased risk for a misdiagnosis of stuttering. This work was funded by a Women of Color Stimulus Research Grant from the University of Houston.
Supported in part by: NIDCD and NICHD, NIH, R13 DC001677, Susan Ellis Weismer, Principal Investigator
University of Wisconsin-Madison - Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders